Kauri Pine resin is a dry, somewhat brittle orange-ish resin produced by a member of the Agathis genus. The described resin appears to be a form of "bush gum" having been tapped from the tree rather than being fully fossilized. The species is not considered to be a true member of the Pine family, however it is indeed a conifer. High grade Kauri is fully fossilized, usually transparent and extremely hard, very much like Baltic amber. Members of the Agathis genus are thought to be some of the oldest living coniferous on the planet, with found fossils dating back to the Jurassic period.
The resin produces a somewhat unusual earthy and husky aroma that shares similarities with smoldered amber. Being from the Agathis family, this "dammar" resin evaporates for the most part when placed upon a hot coal, though it does seem to leave some residue which tends to be unpleasant at the end. Unlike most of the other Agathis resins we have experimented with, Kauri works quite well when heated through indirect methods. The dry, earthy aroma is perfect for Outback incense blends. Though not overly impressive on its own, Kauri mixes well with earthy, musky & animalistic ingredients.
Outside of incense use, Kauri resin has long held importance for the native Māori people. Medicinally, the resin was mixed with oil and applied to burns and was commonly chewed as gum in its fresh form. Burning the resin is thought to attract eels and other fish for an easy catch. The Māori also employed soot from the resin in the production of tattoo dyes. The lumber was also a very important building material, both by the Māoriand later by the European settlers. Kauri makes quite a valuable resin for marine and outdoor varnishes. The wood was considered especially valuable when used in ship construction. Kauri was one of New Zealand's chief exports in the 20th Century.
NOTE: The research on Agathis australis is ongoing. We do our best to provide accurate and up to date information. Please expect the above information to be revised as more information becomes available. If you have further information about this species or if you wish to submit a correction to this page, please feel free to contact us here
As of 2016, we have decided to majorly simplify the taxonomic structures of the species collection. Due to the numerous systems available, and many species being disputed and in a state of flux, we feel that most of our audience will be better served with a easier to understand condensed listing.